With Thanks to Pam Glover
Rebecca was baptized at St Austell on the 4th February 1746.
Benjamin Dyer Drew Born 29th November 1718 at St Miniver Died Cornwall 15th June 1769
Father was Roger Drew born in Exeter Devon
Ann Halls died 10th December 1766 Cornwall (1700-1766)
Joseph baptized 4th November 1732 at St Austell. His first marriage, to Sussana Hooper took place at Holy Trinity St Austell, on the 29th May 1756. Sadly Sussana died in 1758 and was buried on the 24th July, 1758 at Holy Trinity. He then married Thomasin Osborn on 29th July, 1762 at St Austell. They had the following children, all baptized at Holy Trinity, St Austell:
Jabes (male) baptized 29th May, 1763. Probably died in 1785.
Tamesin bap 30th July, 1769. She married James Kingdon abt 1795 in Tywardreath, Cornwall and they had 6 children.
Samuel baptized 24th March 1765
Samuel Drew, M.A., was the son of Joseph Drew, by Thomasin, his second wife, and was born near S. Austell town, March 3, 1765. At about eleven years of age, he was apprenticed to a shoemaker: a trade however, in which he never excelled. For some time after the expiration of his apprenticeship, he could scarcely read or write. He joined the Methodists while yet a journeymen shoemaker, in 1785, at the age of 20; and from this time his self-education may be said to have commenced. In 1787 Samuel began business as a shoemaker on his own account and worked in his trade until 1805 when he entered into an engagement with the Dr Thomas Coke, a prominent Wesleyan official, which enabled him to devote himself entirely to literature. In 1791 he married Honour Halls, with whom he had a fortune of ten pounds at once, and three years after, fifty pounds more. At this period he prosecuted his studies with untiring perseverance. In 1799 he published his "Remarks on Paine’s Age of Reason," which he reprinted three years later. In 1800, Mr Drew published an elegy on the death of Mr. Patterson, a merchant of S. Austell, who was drowned at Wadebridge. That same year he published "Observations on a pamphlet lately published by the Rev. R. Polwhele." Entitled "Anecdotes of Methodism." In 1802 he published his best known work, the "Essay on the Immateriality and Immortality of the Soul;" the copyright of which he sold to Mr. Edwards, of Bristol, for 20 pounds, and thirty copies of the new edition. Twenty-eight years after the copyright again became his, when, after a careful revision he sold it for 250 pounds. His treatise "On the Identity and Resurrection of the Human Body," was published in 1809. In 1815 appeared the first portion of his most extensive work, the "History of Cornwall;" the eighth part appeared in 1817, when the printing of the residue was deferred for seven years, on account of the bank-ruptey of the publisher. It finally appeared in two volumes, quarto. In 1817 he published the life of Dr. Coke, written by him at the doctor’s own request. In 1820 he published his competition essay on the "Being and Attributes of the Deity." This was one of his most elaborate works. In 1819 he became editor of the Imperial Magazine, about that time started in Liverpool, by Mr Fisher. In May, 1824, the degree of M.A.. was conferred on Mr. Drew, by Marischal College, Aberdeen. Mr D. Continued his literary labours almost to the day of his death. He died at the house of his son-in-law, Mr. Read, at Helston, and was interred in the church-yard of that town, by the side of his wife. A tomb, bearing the following inscription marks their graves:--
- Beneath this stone repose the mortal remains of Samuel Drew, A.M., of S Austell, (author of several esteemed metaphysical treatises), who, undaunted by difficulties, persevered in the pursuit of knowledge, and raised himself from an humble station to literary eminence. Possossing, with lofty intellect, the feelings of a philanthropist, and the mild graces of a Christian, he lived equally beloved and admired, and , in steadfast hope of a blissful immortality, through the merits of his Savior, he died in the town, deeply lamented, March 29th, 1833; aged 68 years. This stone also covers the relics of his beloved wife, Honour, who, after a short illness, was removed to a happier world, Aug. 19, 1828; aged 57. "So glides the stream of human life away."
The Wesleyan Methodists have a large and commodious chapel in the town of S. Austell. The principal front is built of ashler-work, of Pentewan stone, sumounted with a pediment of Portland stone, of which matrial the handsome portico is also constructed. There is tasteful entrance through a well kept shrubbery. Marble tablets bear 4 epitaphs; one of which is dedicated to Samuel Drew. -
Wesleyan Methodist Church, Bodmin Road St Austell
To the memory of Samuel Drew, a native of this parish, whose talents as a metaphysical writer, unaided by education, raised him from obscurity into honourable notice, and whose virtues as a Christian won the esteem and affection of all who know him. he was born March 3rd, 1765; lived in St Austell until January, 1819; and after an absence of fourteen years, during which he conducted a Literacy Journal, he returned to end his days in his native county, as he had long desired, and died at Helston, March 29th, 1833. To record their sense of his literary merit and moral worth, his fellow townsmen and parishioners have erected this tablet.
Under the ministry of Dr. Adam Clarke, in 1785, Samuel Drew, A.M., joined the Methodist society at St. Austell. Endowed with powerful intellect he maintained for more than forty years, both from the pulpit and the press, the truth of vital religion; proved by his life its hallowing influence, and died March 29th, 1833, in the full assurance of faith. His father, Joseph Drew, died in 1814
Epheriam baptized 14th February 1768
Joseph was a poor farm labourer who could not even send Samuel to school long enough to learn to read or write.
Tamesin was buried on 23rd December 1774. Joseph died, aged 82 years, on 26th April 1814 and was buried on 30th April 1814 at St Austell.
Jane born 17th June 1738 at St Austell. She married Edward Osler (1732 -1786) in Falmouth on 19th July, 1758. Edward may have been in Merchant Service or even a pirate –little is known of him.
According to www.ascasonline.org/articoloMAGG81.html
The Oslers had lived for long in Cornwall, a race of successful merchants and shipowners for the most part, and the family was strong in traditions of the sea. In a fragment of autobiography left by Featherstone Osler, he says: 'My grandfather Osler died in the West Indies from the effects of a wound. One uncle was killed in action with a French privateer. Another was drowned in Swan Pool near Falmouth, and a cousin a lieutenant in the Royal Navy died of yellow fever in the West Indies.’ The 'Grandfather Osler' here mentioned was Edward, who had married Joan Drew, the sister of Samuel the Cornish metaphysician; and it is not unlikely that from this source there came into the Osler line a strain which modified the strongly developed family trait which went to the making of hard-headed men of business and venturesome merchants.
Edward and Jane had the following children, all baptized in Falmouth:
John baptized 11th October 1765. Died before 1767.
John baptized 25th June 1767
Edward baptized 26th June 1768. Edward was a Ship Owner in Falmouth.
He married Mary Paddy (1772-1864) in Falmouth on the 24th September 1796. They had the following children, all baptized in Falmouth:
Edward. Born on 30th January 1798 and baptized in Falmouth on 26th February 1798. He died on 7th March, 1863.
Born in Falmouth, Cornwall, , the son of Eward Osler senior. He married Jennette Powell of Swansea who died in March 1828 and had 2 children with her. .His second marriage, in January 1838, was to Sarah Atkinson with whom he had 3 children. In 1850 he married for a 3rd time (Charlotte Susanna Free).
He was apprenticed to a surgeon at Falmouth, and later attended lectures at Joshua Brookes' Blenheim St School of Anatomy, London and Guy's Hospital Medical School. He became Resident Surgeon at Swansea Infirmary, Wales. He resigned from the infirmary, returned to Falmouth where he wrote poetry, natural history, many hymns, and theology.' Later he moved to Truro, where he was editor of the Royal Cornwall Gazette. Osler died at Truro, Cornwall, 7th March 1863.
Publications: The Life of Admiral Viscount Exmouth, Smith, Elder & Co.: London, 1835; The Church and Dissent, considered in their practical influence, (Smith, Elder & Co.: London, 1836); Church and King. Comprising I. Church and Dissent, considered in their practical influence ... II. The Church established in the Bible ... III. The Catechism, explained and illustrated ... IV. Psalms and Hymns in the services and rites of the Church, (Smith, Elder & Co.: London, 1837); The Education of the People: the Bible the foundation, and the Church the teacher. An ... address delivered in the Lecture Room of the Bath General Instruction Society, etc., (Smith, Elder & Co.: London, 1839); The Voyage: a poem: written at sea, and in the West Indies, and illustrated by papers on natural history, (Longman & Co.: London; Falmouth [printed], 1830); and numerous hymns. Pictured right
Samuel Born on 9th May 1800 and baptized on 6th June, 1800. According to Michael Bliss in his book “William Osler: A Life in Medicine, Samuel didn’t have much success as a Falmouth storekeeper and was regarded as a black sheep of the family, a drinker and womanizer. He married Harriet Read in the 1820s and had 3 children. By 1861 Samuel was married to Emma Maria, 30 years his junior, and in 1881 was described as a retired Commercial Traveller living at 109Gordon Rd Camberwell, London. It was here that Samuel died in the December qtr of 1889.
Mary born on 24th May 1802 and baptized on 11th June 1802.
Richard baptized on 29th March 1804. By 1841 he was married to Anna C. and they had 6 children. The 1851 census revealed that Richard was a Grocer. He died in the March Qtr of 1857 and his widow was living in Helston in 1861, a grocer employing 6 men, 4 boys and 3 girls.
[CORNISH] West Briton, Friday, March 12th, 1841.
FALMOUTH UNION - We understand the election of Guardians for the town ofFalmouth, will not be contested. The only persons nominated were Messrs. J. ELLIS, Richard OSLER, W. J. CLARKE, and J. T. PASKE; the three former havingbeen in office before, and the latter in the place of W. H. BOND, Esq., R.N.
Featherstone Lake born on 14th December 1805( named after his Godfather, the Rev. Edward Lake). Featherstone and Ellen Osler
According to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online links1891-1900 (Volume XII)
OSLER, FEATHERSTONE LAKE, Church of England clergyman; b. 14 Dec. 1805 in Falmouth, England, son of Edward Osler and Mary Paddy; m. 6 Feb. 1837 Ellen Free Pickton in Budock Water, England, and they had six sons, including Britton Bath, Edmund Boyd, and William, and three daughters; d. 16 Feb. 1895 in Toronto.
Of a shipowning family, Featherstone Lake Osler spent most of his time from 1821 to 1832 at sea, first in merchantmen and then in the Royal Navy. His letters of this period contain little about religion but much about naval etiquette and Latin American beauties. Friends on whom he had counted to further his naval career were out of official favour by 1832. They remained influential in evangelical circles in the Church of England, however, and Osler was persuaded to study at Cambridge for holy orders. Having graduated with a ba in 1837, he was awarded an ma in 1843.
In 1834 some of Osler’s influential friends had taken the first steps towards the organization of the Upper Canada Clergy Society, and Osler’s experience marked him as a likely prospect for a pioneer mission in that province. His first thought had been of a comfortable living in England, and it was with some reluctance that he accepted appointment to Tecumseth and West Gwillimbury townships. In 1837, after ordination successively as deacon and priest, he took up his post. He more than justified the society’s expectations. Besides securing the necessary facilities for his own parish, Osler travelled widely through adjacent areas conducting services and encouraging church building. By the end of his 20-year tenure he claimed to have begun 28 congregations and as many Sunday schools. He also organized a lending library, distributed religious tracts on every possible occasion, and served as an inspector of schools. His most ambitious undertaking was an informal school, located at Bond Head, for the preparation of “Bush Clergymen” to relieve him of his outlying stations.
By the mid 1840s, despite being generally admired for his achievements, Osler was discouraged by what he regarded as a lack of support from Bishop John Strachan of Toronto. He complained when Strachan diverted some of his graduates to other parts of the diocese. He also resented Strachan’s preference for the theological college opened by Alexander Neil Bethune at Cobourg in 1842, especially since he regarded Bethune as tainted with “the errors of the Oxford heresy” and Strachan as a “dry morality preacher.” On several occasions he hinted at a possible return to England, but he relented when relieved of West Gwillimbury in 1851. Concerned for his health and for the education of his children, however, Osler applied for a less arduous posting and in 1857 became rector of Ancaster and Dundas, replacing William McMurray.Here he continued his aggressive policy of retiring debt and adding to church facilities. Unfortunately his naval habit of assuming command provoked resentment, especially at Ancaster where a dispute in 1868 over arrangements for a new church building led to the virtual severance of his connection with that part of the parish. In 1882 he retired to Toronto. Osler had become rural dean of Simcoe in 1849, of Wellington (with Halton) in 1867, and of North Wentworth and Halton in 1875. In 1883 he was named a canon of Christ’s Church Cathedral, Hamilton.
In Osler’s personality a self-assurance that occasionally bordered on arrogance was tempered by a transparent desire for the welfare of others. If evangelical convictions compelled him to deny the sacraments even to dying parishioners who could not make a credible profession of faith in Christ, he was a convivial host and agreeable companion. Throughout his career an effective pastor and administrator, he is chiefly remembered as a heroic and inventive pioneer missionary and, with Ellen, as the founder of a family of unusual prominence.
This “souvenir” spoon was commissioned to celebrate the 100th birthday of Ellen Free Picton Osler on the 14th December 1906, a rare occurrence in the very early 20th century.
Several of their children went on to become very prominent citizens of Canada.
Britton Bath Osler is recognized as one of Canada’s most distinguished trial lawyers. As a prosecutor he was involved in numerous murder trials including the conviction of Louis Riel, "the father of Manitoba", on charges of treason following the North-West Rebellion of 1885. Riel was viewed sympathetically in the French speaking regions of Canada, and his execution had a lasting influence on relations between the province of Quebec and the English speaking provinces of Canada.
Britten Bath Osler
Featherstone Osler (Jr.) was called to the bar in 1860 and made a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1879 and a Judge of the Court of Appeals in 1883. In 1880, he had refused an appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada because he didn't speak French. He retired from the bench in 1910 and became president of the Toronto General Trusts Corporation.
Edmund Boyd Osler started his career as a clerk at the Bank of Upper Canada, where he stayed until 1867, when the bank failed, and then as an independent financier and stockbroker with different partners. He was involved with many railroad projects and became president of the Ontario and Quebéc Railway and later also director of the Canadian Pacific Railway. He was also director of the Toronto General Trusts Company and the Canada North-West Land Company, and president of the Dominion Bank. From 1896 until 1917, Edmund Osler was continuously re- elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative from West Toronto.
Sir Edmund Boyd Osler
William Osler, one of Featherstone’s sons, became a world famous Physician. Sir William Osler
William became one of the most famous doctors of all time. "John S. Billings recruited William Osler in 1888 to be physician-in-chief of the soon-to-open Johns Hopkins Hospital and professor of medicine at the planned school of medicine. Osler was the second appointed member of the original four medical faculty, following William H. Welch and preceding Howard A. Kelly and William S. Halsted. He revolutionized the medical curriculum of the United States and Canada, synthesizing the best of the English and German systems.
Osler adapted the English system to egalitarian American principles by teaching all medical students at the bedside. He believed that students learned best by doing and clinical instruction should therefore begin with the patient and end with the patient. Books and lectures were supportive tools to this end. The same principles applied to the laboratory, and all students were expected to do some work in the bacteriology laboratory. Osler introduced the German postgraduate training system, instituting one year of general internship followed by several years of residency with increasing clinical responsibilities.
William Osler’s book, The Principles and Practice of Medicine, first published in 1892, supported his imaginative new curriculum. It was based upon the advances in medical science of the previous fifty years and remained the standard text on clinical medicine for the next forty years. In 1905 he accepted the Regius Professorship of Medicine at Oxford University, at the time the most prestigious medical appointment in the English-speaking world. He left Maryland with warm feelings for Hopkins knowing that his sixteen years spent had laid a solid foundation for the future of Hopkins medical education."
The Osler Library for the History of Medicine, based at McGill University, Montreal, claims to be "Canada's foremost scholarly resource in the history of medicine, and one of the most important libraries of its type in North America." The Library has at its core a collection of 8000 works relating to the history of medicine donated by William Osler.
Quote from Osler:
The value of experience is not in seeing much, but in seeing wisely.
Sir William Osler The Story of Sir William Osler (Mcgill Osler Society).
This caricature of William Osler elevates him to holy status as he sweeps away disease with cyclonic force. The title, The Saint -- Johns Hopkins Hospital, is a play upon Osler’s frequent reference to the hospital as ‘the St. Johns’. The caricature, done in 1896, is by Max Broedel, the renowned medical illustrator.
When Osler was made a Baronet in 1911, a coat-of-arms had to be designed. He chose the beaver and the fleur-de-lys for Canada, and his own motto "Æquanimitas". The fish are Cornish pilchards: Osler's ancestors were seafaring folk from Falmouth. The "red hand of Ulster" immediately above the central fish is the sign of the baronet.
As with all great founding-fathers, Osler's influence will exist as long as there Western medicine survives, whether we recognize it or not. To recognize that influence, to reflect upon our direction, to be able to step outside our world and viewed it as Osler must have once done, as an object in progress and in need of continual perfection, is one of the greatest services a doctor can do for medicine.
Among Osler's greatest traits is a transcendental nobility that is seldomly seen today, and rare, certainly, even in his own day. How many doctors or mentors can utter: "It has been said that "in patience ye shall win your souls," and what is this patience but an equanimity which enables you to rise superior to the trials of life? Sowing as you shall do beside all waters, I can but wish that you may reap the promised blessing of quietness and of assurance forever, until: Within this life, Though lifted o'er its strife, you may, in the growing winters, glean a little of that wisdom which is pure, peaceable, gentle, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and without hypocrisy." I, for one, truly admire his wisdom, humanity, and knowledge. The key, I think, is to never think of these traits as separate things, but as one thing, as the self-expression of a compassionate human being challenged by a passionless universe.
"The Open Arms"
Students and residents were frequent guests at Osler's Baltimore home on the corner of Franklin and Charles Streets.This is one of the keys that Osler provided students for access to the library at his home.
Dinner program in honour of William Osler
The William Osler family in their Oxford garden circa 1906.
The Eponymous Osler:
Final stage of systemic lupus erythematodes. An atypical, verrucous, nonbacterial, valvular and mural endocarditis. A visceral manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus disseminatus, characterized by the presence of systolic and diastolic apical murmurs and/or chordae tendinea of sterile, verrucous lesions composed of fibrin strands. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes, lymphocytes, and histiocytes infiltrate the affected structures. The syndrome is seldom autonomous but is part of a more widespread systemic collagen disorder.
Osler described a previously unknown parasitic nematode among the pups at the kennels of the Montreal Hunt Club. This organism, Strongylus canis bronchialis, was renamed Filaria osleri by Thomas Spencer Cobbold in 1879, and in 1921, Oslerus osleri by Maurice Hall.
In pseudohypertension, the blood pressure as measured by the sphygmomanometer is artificially high because of arterial wall calcification. Osler's manoeuvre can detect this condition. It is an attempt to compress the radial artery sufficiently to prevent palpation of the radial pulse past the point of compression. If this pulse is still palpable, then the artery is sclerosed. This could lead to the diagnosis of hypertension when, in fact, the blood pressure could be normal.
Painful indurated areas on the pads of the fingers and toes, the thenar and hypothenar eminences, seen in bacterial endocarditis, often preceded by an aura of burning, throbbing pruritus, or tingling. In acute bacterial endocarditis, they are associated with minute infective emboli; in subacute bacterial endocarditis, they are associated with immune complexes and small-vessel arteritis of skin. The causative organism is Staphylococcus aureus.
Osler's Syndrome (Ball-Valve gallstone)
A syndrome of recurrent episodes of colic pain, with typical radiation to back, cold shiverings and fever; and possibly jaundice. Due to the presence in Vater’s diverticulum of a free-moving gallstone which is larger than the orifice, periodically obstructing the bile outflow in a manner similar to that of a ball-valve.
While Lecturer of Institutes of Medicine at Montreal in 1874, Osler found a trematode worm in the gills of a newt, which was subsequently named Sphryanura Osleri by Robert Ramsay Wright (1852-1933), professor of Biology at Toronto.
A relatively rare chronic disease of the blood in which the red cells are increased in number. The spleen becomes enlarged, and the face is a deep red rather than truly cyanotic. Occasionally reported in childhood, it occurs mostly in middle-aged males, in which increased erythrocyte count (reaching sometimes 10.000.000 per cmm), blood volume, erythroblastic activity, and blood viscosity is associated with cyanosis and splenomegaly. Headache, gas pain, and belching are the typical presenting symptoms. Long list of other symptoms. Etiology unknown. Belongs to the group of myeloproliferative syndromes. When associated with liver cirrhosis, this disorder is known as the Mosse syndrome. It is more frequently observed in people of Jewish extraction.
Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease (or hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia)
In 1901 Sir William Osler reported on a family with skin and mucous membrane telangiectases and recurrent epistaxis. Despite the thoroughness of this paper, pulmonary lesions were apparently still unrecognized. HHt is an autosomal dominany disorder manifested by telangiectases of the skin and mucous membranes associated with bleeding tendency. Larger lesions may affect the nasopharynx, CNS, lung, liver and spleen, as well as the urinary and GI tracts. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) may be present and are a source of significant morbidity and mortality.
Among the few facets of William Osler's life to escape extensive scrutiny has been his connection with the sea. Osler came from a long line of seafarers from the Cornish coast of England. His great-grandfather Edward may have been a merchant seaman-or even a pirate. One of his grandfathers, another Edward, was a Falmouth shipowner. A third Edward, Osler's uncle, joined the navy as a medical officer and wrote The Voyage, an epic poem that, along with his Life of Lord Exmouth, a biography of a Cornish admiral, was avidly read in the Osler home in Bond Head, Ont. Osler's father, Featherstone, spent 10 years at sea in the Royal Navy, endured several maritime near-disasters and was nearly ship-wrecked on the voyage that brought him and his new bride to Canada. Such associations may have prompted William Osler, when made a baronet in 1911, to choose waves for the field on his coat of arms.
After his death, however, Osler came to have yet another connection with the sea, as described in a brief notice appearing one Saturday in March 1943 in the Baltimore American, under the headline "Liberty ship named for Dr. Osler".11
The Liberty ships formed the backbone of a supply line that enabled the Allies to wage war against the Axis Powers during World War II. The SS William Osler, one of 63 Liberty ships named for physicians, was built in a mere 28 days.
Like all of the Liberty ships, the William Osler was fitted with gun platforms and anti-aircraft guns and carried a naval gun crew as well as a regular crew. She was assigned the radio call and signal letters 343605 KKNN, was initially valued at US$1.75 million and was registered in Baltimore.
Converted to an Army Hospital ship, the William Osler was renamed the USHS Wisteria
Jane baptized 30th June 1771. She married Featherstone Richards in Falmouth on 30th October, 1793. They had the following children: Edward born 25th June,1795 in Falmouth, William born 9th October 1796 in Falmouth, Jane born 12th July 1797 in Falmouth, Featherstone born 15th March 1802 in Falmouth, Julia bap.11th May,1808 at All Hallows the Less, London, Elizabeth bap.11th May,1808 at All Hallows the Less, and Henry bap.19th August,1810 at All Hallows the Less,
Richard baptized 9th June 1773. He was buried on 4th February 1784.
Benjamin born on 12th February 1775 and baptized on 29th March 1775. He married Jane Saul (Sawle)in Falmouth on 9th April 1797. They had the following children: Susanna, Joseph (1798-1816), Benjamin (1801-1864), Jane (1802-1848), Stephen Sawle (1804-1867), Mary Anne (1806-1855), Amelia (1807), Elizabeth(1810-1844), Sarah (1815) and Philippa (1818-1879).
According to THE SETTLER HANDBOOK by MD Nash , Benjamin went to The Cape.
No. 47 on the Colonial Department list, led by Benjamin Osler, a merchant of Falmouth, Cornwall, who had spent seven years in Cadiz and Gibraltar and travelled to the West Indies, Portugal, Spain and Italy on business. His application was forwarded by the Mayor of Falmouth, Andrew Young, who recommended him as a man of good character.
This was a joint-stock party, recruited in and about Falmouth (William Mallett was from Penryn), each man paying his own deposit except for Osler's servant John Bridgeman. The party of 11 men and their families left Portsmouth on 7 January 1820 in HM Store Ship Weymouth, reaching Table Bay on 26 April and Algoa Bay on 15 May. The party was located on the left bank of the Mansfield River and named the location Pendennis. (Pendennis Head and Pendennis Castle are landmarks overlooking Falmouth Bay.) Benjamin Osler died in 1821.
LIST OF OSLER'S PARTY
BALL, James 44. Schoolmaster. w Ann 45. c James 6.
Main sources for party list
*Osler had a large family of 10 children, and informed the Colonial Department that he planned to 'leave three or four of the youngest with their friends at home' until he had established himself at the Cape. Only four children were entered on the official list, but it appears that at least three others did in fact emigrate with their parents. Susannah Osler, aged 20, is known to have married John Colman of Cock's party a month after the Weymouth reached Algoa Bay, and when Benjamin Osler died in 1821 his widow was left on the location with six dependent children - a son of 15 and five daughters between 4 and 14. Joseph Richards, who according to the sailing list emigrated with a wife and two children, described himself in 1822 as an unmarried man; it is conceivable that 'Sally Richards' on the sailing list was actually Susannah Osler, and 'Sally' and 'Phillis', aged 3 and 1, her two youngest sisters. (It was not uncommon for single women among the emigrants to be listed as the 'wives' of unmarried men in order to avoid paying separate deposits.) Another man of the party, John Dale, claimed in 1822 that he had left his wife and family in England; his 17-year-old 'wife' Mary, as she was entered in the sailing list, may have been another of the Osler daughters.
*John Carpenter's name does not appear on the sailing list or in the Muster-roll of the Weymouth, but he sailed with Osler's party and was allowed to land at Cape Town for health reasons. He rejoined the party on its location three months later (Cape Archives CO 178,50). Richard Wilton, another unlisted settler, was engaged as a servant by Osler and Carpenter in England (Cape Archives 1/AY 13/1). No mention has been found in colonial records of the presence of John Bridgeman or Henry Goodman at the Cape, and either or both of them may have been replaced at the last minute without the change being reflected in the sailing list.
[First letter filed under C in CO48/42]
To Andrew YOUNG Esq
Mayor of Falmouth
Falmouth, 25 July 1819
I beg leave to inform you I am desirous of availing myself of the late liberal arrangement of government in assisting those who may be disposed to emigrate to the Cape and most respectfully solicit your immediate application on my behalf. I consider you Sir (chief magistrate of the town) the proper channel through which I should apply.
My family consists of a wife and ten children, my own age 44, my wife 45, two children above 18, two between 18 and 14 and the remaining six below that age, all healthy and capable of work. Three or four of the youngest I would leave with their friends at home until I was established, the others would accompany me, for whose passage I would advance the amount required by government agreeably to the regulation and in addition take with me one able husbandman and in like manner advance for him. My means I am concerned to state to your worship allow me to go no further. Our habits are those of industry, sobriety and economy and from the experience I have had in general concerns flatter myself I should be found a useful settler in the new colony, the temperature of which is such as I have been accustomed to. In the event of obtaining permission will be anxious to embrace the first opportunity of embarking. I am most respectfully Sir
Your obedient humble servant
Falmouth, August 19th 1819
I beg to acknowledge rec’t of your esteemed favor through A. YOUNG Esq the worshipful Mayor of this town, with printed circular, relative to the terms on which indulgence will be granted to those desirous of settling at the Cape. In conformity thereto I engage to take with me ten able healthy individuals above the age of eighteen, a proportion of whom shall be husbandmen possessing a general knowledge of agriculture; also two children between the ages of fourteen and eighteen and four below the age of fourteen for the whole of whom I will advance agreeably to the stipulations contained in the said circular.
I beg leave to observe I have been a resident at Cadiz and Gibraltar nearly seven years, have made voyages to Surinam, Trinidad, Marranham, Para [Transcriber’s note: the last two are in Brazil] & different ports in Portugal, Spain and Italy in commercial pursuits, am consequently familiar with foreign habits & customs & flatter myself will be found a desirable settler in the new colony. Most respectfully soliciting an early consideration and reply
I am Sir your most obed’t serv’t
I hereby certify that Benjamin OSLER, the person writing the foregoing proposal to emigrate to the Cape of Good Hope, is a native of Falmouth and has always borne a good character. Witness my hand this 20 August 1819
Mayor of Falmouth
Falmouth, August 30th 1819
I beg to acknowledge rec’t of your favor of the 23rd & to say my party will be compleat in the course of the present week when I will send you the numbers, names age and profession of the whole, together with the declaration required. I presume a man and wife (altho accommodated with their passage & 100 acres of land for the advance of ten pounds) are in point of number considered as two individuals. If I am wrong in this point be so obliging as to correct me, referring you to my next
I am respectfully Sir
Your most obed’t serv’t
Falmouth, September 21st 1819
I was unable to forward you a compleat statement of my part earlier as some persons who had engaged to join me either from real or imaginary difficulties afterwards declined it.
I now beg leave to subjoin an account of the party I propose taking under my direction to the Cape of Good Hope, to which I solicit an early consideration & reply, assuring you they are all able healthy persons such as will ultimately benefit themselves & the colony. I shall anxiously await your further instructions respecting them.
The four young men whose names are below the certificate are very desirous of going but have not the means of advancing the sum required, but in lieu thereof have proposed to work for Government two years in such way as would be directed to them, either as labourers or to their profession, claiming only a ration of provisions & an occasional supply of clothing during that time, at the expiation of which if they give satisfaction [hole in paper] to be entitled to the same grant as the others. I trust [hole in paper] Government where they witness in a party every disposition to ind..[hole in paper] & to be beneficial to the colony will be disposed to encourage them on credit until the first harvest for a proportion of the implements and necessaries that will be required, & I presume wood will be immediately to be had for the erection of temporary dwellings & that Government will cause us to be landed on the spot we are to be located on. I beg to inquire about what time in the month of November the sailing is proposed & whether some of the transports will call at this port. Finally I respectfully solicit we may be accommodated on shipboard with as suitable and convenient indulgences as the nature of the service will admit, more particularly for the females & children, who have all been respectably brought up and educated & I trust a favorable portion of land will be assigned to us that we may early profit by the fruits of our industry. Most respectfully soliciting your consideration & good offices, I am Sir
Your most obed’t humble serv’t
Name and Description of the Person taking out the Settlers
Benjamin OSLER, General Trader with knowledge of Agriculture
A native of Falmouth
Married, aged 44
Have more than twenty years been engaged in commercial pursuits, have resided at Lisbon, Cadiz, Gibraltar and occasionally been at different ports in the Mediterranean, the West Indies, Brazil &c
Falmouth Nov 7 1819
You favor of the 21st ult with instructions where to send the amount of deposit for my party duly reaching me, in consequence of the capricious underhand disposition of several who had given the most positive assurance of joining me & who at this critical moment have withdrawn themselves, I am obliged to solicit another sett of returns to make the alterations that have thus arisen. The names of those defaulters I transmit to you with my affidavit in confirmation. In the interim of receiving the returns no doubt I shall be provided with others whom I have invited in lieu. I by this post sending Wm. HILL Esq £52:10:0 on acct & will continue the remittance for others as they deposit. In this emergency having arranged for departure a disappointment will be attended with grievous consequences. I will be happy to be attached to any respectable party to whose salutary regulations I will readily conform myself. I earnestly supplicate the vessel appointed to take us may be diverted to call at this Port.
I am respectfully, Sir
Your most obed’t humble serv’t
I, Benjamin OSLER, make oath that the undermentioned persons voluntarily offered to accompany me to the new settlement of the Cape of Good Hope without any solicitation on my part & requested their names to be transmitted to Government accordingly, & now without cause refuse to fulfil their engagement.
Sworn before me at Falmouth the 30th day of October 1819
Benjamin died in 1820 aged 45 years. His wife Jane died in May,1842 and her death was reported as follows:
MAY 1842, Friday
Samuel born on 12th July, 1776 and baptized on 16th August 1776.
Jane died in 1827.
Ann Mary born on 30th August 1735. She married John Bayley on 22nd July 1757. They had the following children, all baptized at St Austell:
Richard bap.16th July, 1758. Died 9th February 1762 of Small Pox. Buried at Holy Trinity.
Mary bap.24th February,1760
Richard bap.7th June,1762
Philippa bap 13th May 1764.
John Julyan on 11th August 1770 at Holy Trinity Church St Austell
At St. Austell, on Wednesday last, at the advanced age of 94 years, Mrs. Julyan, relict of the late Mr. John Julyan, many years clerk of that parish.